Smelly breath? Are your gums swollen and puffy? Are they tender? Do they look dark red and bleed when you floss or brush?
These are all signs that you may have gingivitis.
Gingivitis does not just appear, as there are many factors that may increase your risk such as smoking, poor nutrition and vitamin C deficiency. Conditions that can tend to decrease your body’s immune system such as leukemia, HIV/AIDS or cancer treatment, even hormonal changes during ‘that time of the month’, pregnancy, or use of birth control pills.
Gingivitis is most commonly caused by not brushing and flossing properly every day.
When we eat food, the starches and sugars from our food has a party and mingles with the bacteria in our mouth that forms a soft film around our teeth and gums. This film is called plaque and needs daily removal. When plaque is not removed effectively, it begins to harden around our teeth and gums, called tartar or calculus, which causes our gums to weaken and ‘shrink’ around our teeth. Tartar can only be removed by your dentist.
When was the last time you brushed and flossed? This morning? Last night? You really can’t remember. When brushing is irregular that is generally when gingivitis can flare up.
When Gingivitis is left untreated it results in a more serious condition called Periodontitis. Periodontitis is a condition to where the seals around the tooth are weakened and pockets are formed allowing bacteria and food to be trapped below the gums. This leads to tooth decay and gum recession that leads to weakening of the bone that hold your teeth in place and eventually tooth loss.
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